In a Guardian article about "the bizarre world of Egypt's parliamentary elections, where thousands of candidates from dozens of parties are competing for parliamentary seats," political science professor Mona El-Ghobashy is quoted:

"No one thinks parliamentary elections in Egypt are democratic or even semi-democratic," says Mona El-Ghobashy, a political scientist. "The elections do not determine who governs. They are not free and fair. Citizens know that elections are rigged, with polling places often blocked off by baton-wielding police, so few of them vote."