Claire Tow Professor of Political Science and Director of The Harriman Institute
Alexander Cooley is the Claire Tow Professor of Political Science at Barnard College and the current Director of Columbia University's Harriman Institute. Professor Cooley’s research examines how external actors– including international organizations, multinational companies, NGOs, and foreign military bases – have influenced the development and sovereignty of the former Soviet states, with a focus on Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Cooley is the author and/or editor of six academic books:
- Logics of Hierarchy: The Organization of Empires, States and Military Occupations (Cornell 2005; cowinner of the 2006 Marshall Shulman Prize)
- Base Politics: Democratic Change and the US Military Overseas (Cornell 2008, Reviews: JFQ, APSR, PSQ, and Military Review);
- Contracting States: Sovereign Transfers in International Relations (Princeton 2009), co-authored with Hendrik Spruyt of Northwestern University.
- Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest for Central Asia (Oxford 2012),
- Ranking the World: Grading States as a Tool of Global Governance (Cambridge 2015), co-edited with Jack Snyder of Columbia University.
- Dicators without Borders: Power and Money in Central Asia (Yale 2017), co-authored with John Heathershaw.
Great Games examines the multipolar politics of US-Russia-China competition for influence in Central Asia and was described by Asia Policy as "possibly the most cogent critique of post-Cold War orthodoxy published to date." It received an Honorable mention from the Central Eurasian Studies Society 2014 Book Prize committee. Reviews: NYRB, Asia Policy roundtable, Foreign Affairs, Survival, LSE Review of Books.
His most recent book explores the rise of "extraterriorial authoritrianism" and how Western actors, institutions and professionals are implicated in the trnasnational networks of Central Asian elites. More information on book-related events and media appearances can be found here:
In addition to his academic research, Professor Cooley serves on several international advisory and policy committees (see below); he has testified for the United States Congress, the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission and briefed US and international officials on Eurasian politics. Cooley's opinion pieces have appeared in New York Times, Foreign Policy and Foreign Affairs and his research has been supported by fellowships and grants from the Open Society Foundations, Carnegie Corporation, Smith Richardson Foundation and the German Marshall Fund of the United States, among others. Cooley earned both his MA and Ph.D. from Columbia University.
Recent Media Appearances and Quotes
"Globalization Only Enriuched and Empowered Autocrats," Foriegn Policy Symposium on 25th Anniverary of Soviet Collapse. December 22, 2016.
"For Karimov, the Personal was Always Political," Financial Times Beyond BRICS. September 2, 2016.
"The New Eastern Bloc: China, Russia and India are Joining Forces," Newsweek. July 9, 2015.
"Should Washington Fear the AIIB?" Foreign Affairs. June 11, 2015.
"Kazakhstan President Set to Win 5th term, Even as Economy Falters," New York Times. April 26, 2015.
"Whose Silk Road?" Le Monde Diplomatique. Jan 5, 2015.
"Banality of Islamic State." Bloomberg Businessweek. Nov 20, 2014.
"How Ukraine Helped Galvanize NATO," New York Times video. Sep 3, 2014.
"Kyrgyzstan: Democracy Under Pressure." Financial Times. Jun 13, 2014.
"Russia's Neighbors: Primary Colors." Financial Times. Jun 9, 2014.
"Russia-China Gas Deal, Ukraine and Eurasian Union." "The Interview" France 24 TV Clip. May 24, 2014.
"Russia and 2 Neighbors Form Economic Union That Has a Ukraine-Size Hole," New York Times. May 29, 2014.
"Russian moves unsettle neighbours in Central Asia and Caucasus." Financial Times. Mar 24, 2014.
"Putin on the Couch." Politico Magazine. Mar 13, 2014.
"Why, and What, You Should Know About Central Asia." New York Review of Books. Aug 15, 2013.
Academic Specialties and Research Interests
External actors and regional relations in Eurasia and Central Asia
Emerging Powers and Global Governance
International Sovereignty and Limited Sovereignty
Politics of United States and Russian overseas military bases
Politics of International Rankings and Ratings
Post-Western International Relations and Governance
Western Values Advocacy in a Multipolar world
You will find selected syllabi published on-line.
HSPSGR 8445 Legacies of the Empire & Soviet Union
POLS BC 3805 Colloquium on International Organization
POLS W 4820 International Relations of a Post-Western World
INAF U 6570 Challenging Sovereignty in the Post-Communist States
POLS V 3615 Globalization and International Politics
- Honorable Mention, 2014 Central Eurasian Studies Society Book Prize- Great Games, Local Rules.
- 2014 Graduate Student Choice Speaker, Center for Slavic and East European Studies, Ohio State University
- Tow Professor for Distinguished Scholars and Practitioners, Barnard College, 2011-2013
- Open Society Foundations, Global Fellow, 2009-2010
- Marshall Shulman Prize 2006 (Cowinner) for Logics of Hierarchy. Awarded by the ASEES for the Best Book in Foreign Policy and International Relations of the Former Communist Countries.
- German Marshall Fund of the United States, Transatlantic Fellow, 2004-05
- Smith Richardson Foundation, International Security Grant, "The Global Defence Posture Review: Will New Bases Create Old Political Dilemmas?," 2007.
- Gladys Brooks Foundation "Junior Faculty Excellence in Teaching" Award, 2006-07
- Carnegie Corporation Project Grant, Co-investigator, The New United States Imperialism? Intervention and Self-Determination (Grant No. B 7142R01), 2003-05 (with Kimberly Zisk Marten)
International Advisory and Committee Appointments (Standing)
- Working Group on the Future of U.S.-Russia Relations. 2016-
- Board of Governors, EurasiaNet. 2016-
- Advisory Board, Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University. 2016-
- Human Rights Watch, Europe and Central Asia Division. Advisory Group. 2012-
- Central Asian Survey, International Advisory Board. 2012-
Academic Affiliations and Governance
- Director, The Harriman Institute, Columbia University. 2015-.
- Chair, Department of Political Science, Barnard College. 2012-2015.
- Deputy Director (for Social Sciences Programming), Harriman Institute, Columbia University, 2013-. Executive Committee Member since 2009.
- Faculty Representative to the Barnard College Board of Trustees, 2013-2016.
- PONARS Eurasia, since 2006. Executive Commitee Member, 2008-2010.
- Associate, George Washington University, Central Asia Program. 2012-
Project Advisory Appointments
- Advisory Group Member, "Reconnecting Asia", Center for Strategic and International Studies. 2016-.
- Advisory Group Member, Core Curriculum, University of Central Asia. 2015-17.
- 2014 Central Eurasian Studies Society Annual Conference Host and Organizing Committee Member, October 24-26, 2014.
- Saferworld and Economic and Social Research Council, "Rising Powers and Conflict Management in Central Asia." Advisory Committee. 2012-2015.
Upcoming Public Lectures and Presentations
- Dictators without Borders Book events: March 28, National Endowment for Demcoracy (Washington DC); April 3, Open Society Foundations (New York); April 26, Chatham House (London); May 15, European Endowment for Democracy (Brussels).
Selected Recent Lectures and Presentations
March 7. “One Belt One Road: The Challenges of China’s Engagement with Central Asia". Fung Global Fellows Program, Princeton University.
January 30. "Central Asia's Global Authoritarian Spaces: Politics and Contestation Outside of a Closed Region". Bologna Institute for Policy Rsearch.
October 28. "Democracy at a Crossoads: Education, Policy and Change." Bard College.
September 9. "25th Anniversary of the Kyrgyz Republic's Independence Day." George Washington University.
February 5, 2016. "The Evolution of the Eurasian Economic Union: Economics, Politics and Geopolitics" CERES, Georgetown University.
February 2, 2016. "The Price of Access: Transational Corruption Networks in Central Asia and Beyond." Yale University.
October 29, 2015. "The Emerging Poltiics of International Rankings." Watson Center, Brown University.
October 28, 2015. "Offshore Central Asia." Davis Center, Harvard University.
October 15, 2015. Keynote Speaker: "Locating Central Asia's Geopolitics." Annual Central Eurasian Studies Association conference. George Wahsington University.
May 15, 2015. Keynote Speaker: "Great Game(s) in Central Asia and Beyond: Exploring International Regional Rivalry Using Historical and Cultural Lenses." Amercian University in Central Asia. Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.
April 16, 2015. "Great Games, Local Rules, Contested Orders: Central Asia's Lessons for the Post-Western World." Lindenwood University.
February 27, 2015. "Russia and Asia: The Bear Looks East?" EPIIC Annual Symposium, Tufts University.
January 29, 2015. Report Launch "Scripts of Sovereignty: The Freezing of the Russia-Ukraine Crisis and Eurasia's Governance Dilemmas." Center for Global Interests, Washington DC.
On-leave from Barnard College- Spring 2017 & Spring 2018.
Selected Recent Publications
"How the Demcoratic Tide Rolled Back," Real Clear World. January 17, 2017.
"The Emerging Political Economy of OBOR: the Challenges of Promoting Connectivity in Central Asia and Beyond." Reconnecting Asia. Washington DC: CSIS, October 2016.
"Rank has its Privileges: How international Rankings Dumb Down Global Governance," (with Jack Snyder) Foreign Affairs November/December 2015.
"Putin's Potemkin Intervention: the Weakness of Moscow's Syrian Adventure," (with Dan Nexon) Foreign Affairs October 18. 2015
"Countering Demcoratic Norms" Journal of Democracy. Vol. 26, No. 3. July 2015.
"Blurring the Line between Licit and Illicit: Transanational Corruption Networks in Central Asia and Beyond" with Jason Sharman Central Asian Survey. March 2015.
"Offshore Central Asia: An introduction" with John Heathershaw Central Asian Survey. March 2015.
"Scripts of Sovereignty: The Freezing of the Russia-Ukraine Crisis and Eurasia's Governance Dilemmas." Center for Global Interests, Washington DC, January 2015.
"Okinawa: A Crack in the Pacific Pivot to Asia" National Interest. June 27, 2014.
"Learning from Crimea" with Lincoln Mitchell Foreign Policy. June 16, 2014.
"Dictators without Borders" with John Heathershaw Open Democracy Russia. April 30, 2014.
"Russian Rule-Breaking as Power Politics." Opinio Juris Ukraine Insta-Symposium. March 7, 2014.
"'The Empire Will Compensate You': The Structural Dynamics of the US Overseas Basing Network" Persepctives on Politics Vol. 11, No. 4 (December 2013): 1035-1050. Copyright: Cambridge University Press.
"Vote of the Living Dead" [Azerbaijan's Ghost Election Monitors] with Christopher Walker Foreign Policy October 31, 2013.
"The Elusive Quest for Political Stability in Central Asia and Beyond" DAG-3QD Quarterly Peace and Justice Symposium September 19, 2013. Responses by Pavel Baev and David Lewis.
Book Review Roundtable of Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest for Central Asia, featured in Asia Policy 16 (July 2013). Author's response: "Can We Change the Rules? External Actors and Central Asia Beyond 2014."
"Revolutions, Corruption and Intrigue," Review of Restless Valley, by Philip Shishkin. Quartz May 16, 2013.
"The League of Authoritarian Gentleman," Foreign Policy January 30, 2013.
Review of Guantánamo: An American History, by Michael Hansen. American Historical Review. Vol. 117 (5): December 2012.
"Good Days for Oil Generals, Bad Days for Russia," Review of Wheel of Fortune: The Battle for Oil and Power in Russia, by Thane Gustafson. Quartz November 7, 2012.
"After Afghanistan, A New Great Game," New York Times August 22, 2012.
"The New Great Game in Central Asia: Geopoltiics in a Post-Western World," Foreign Affairs online August 7, 2012.
"In Central Asia, Public Cooperation and Private Rivalry." New York Times June 8, 2012.
"Afghanistan's Other Regional Causualty," Oxford University Press blog post. May 23, 2012 Republished on Eurasianet.org May 23, 2012.
“US Military Involvement and its Impact on US-Central Asian Relations.” Central Asia Policy Forum. Washington DC: George Washington University. April 2012. Roundtable with Stephen Blank, Alexander Cooley, Andrew Kuchins and Joshua Kucera.
"Roadblocks on the Silk Road: the Challenges of Externally Promoting Economic Cooperation in Central Asia." EUCAM Watch No. 11, February 2012.
"A Counterproductive Disdain [Abkhazia's Elections]" with Lincoln Mitchell. New York Times August 31, 2011.
"Great Games, Local Rules," Cairo Review of Global Affairs Vol. 1, no. 2 (Summer 2011).
"Bahrain's Base Politics: The Arab Spring and America's Military Bases," with Daniel Nexon. Foreign Affairs online. April 5, 2011.
- Reprinted in The New Arab Revolt: What Happened, What it Means and What Comes Next. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2011, 221-228.
"Engagement without Recognition: A New Policy Towards Abkhazia and Eurasia's Unrecognized States," with Lincoln Mitchell. The Washington Quarterly Vol. 33, No. 4 (October 2010), 59-73.
"Base Closings: The Rise and Decline of the US Military Bases Issue in Spain 1975-2005," with Jonathan Hopkin. International Political Science Review Vol. 31, No. 4 (September 2010), 494-513.
After the August War: A New Strategy for US Engagement with Georgia. New York: Harriman Institute of Columbia University, 2010. Also published as a special issue of the Harriman Review Vol. 17, Nos. 3-4 (May 2010).
"Manas Hysteria: Why the United States can't keep buying off Kyrgyz leaders to keep its vital air base open," Foreign Policy. April 12, 2010.
"Russia and the Recent Evolution of the SCO: Issues and Challenges for US Policy," in TImothy Frye, TImothy Colton and Robert Legvold Eds. The Policy World Meets Academia: Designing US Policy towards Russia. Cambridge, Mass: American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 2010, 8-19
"Cooperation gets Shanghaied: China, Russia, and the SCO," Foreign Affairs online. December 14, 2009.
"No Way to Treat Our Friends: Recasting Recent US-Georgian Relations," with Lincoln Mitchell. The Washington Quarterly Vol. 32, No. 1 (January 2009), 27-41.
Contracting States: Sovereign Transfers in International Politics, with Hendrik Spruyt (Princeton University Press, June 2009.)
Base Politics: Democratic Change and the U.S. Military Overseas (Cornell University Press, 2008).
Logics of Hierarchy: The Organization of Empires, States and Military Occupations (Cornell University Press, 2005).
In the News
Learning, Thinking, Leading